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  • 396 photo Gods guardians and Lovers book
  • 396 Photo Miniature temple tower Gods Guardians and lovers book

Miniature Shikhara (temple tower) guarded by a pair of Makaras and female attendants

India, Madhya Pradesh, probably Gwalior region

10-11th Century


H 41,5 cm x W40 cm x D21 cm


Collection Simon Ray 2008

Collection The Late Bruno Cooper


This sandstone architectural fragment depicts a miniature North Indian temple tower or Shikhara. Two female attendants or possibly river goddesses at each side emerge from the mouth of a pair of makaras.  The pink glow in the sandstone suggests the region of Gwalior in the north of Madhya Pradesh as the place of origin. Makaras are mythical aquatic creatures with the body of a crocodile and the trunk of an elephant. They are often seen at the entrance of the temple, and considered by the Hindu’s to be auspicious and purifying by their association with water. This fragment was probably located above a niche on a temple façade.  It has been skilfully carved, creating depth and dynamism.          

The combination of two beautifully jewelled and dressed goddesses issuing from the mouth of two makaras portrays an image of pronounced sensuality, and ensures a protective auspiciousness for the small shrine.

A similar miniature shrine can be seen in Gods, Guardians and Lovers, Temple sculptures from North India A.D. 700-1200, Vishaka N.Desai, the Asia Society Galleries, New York, 1993, p. 142


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